Sunday, May 6, 2018

Cricket in India

         Cricket is the most popular sport in India by far.It is played in almost every street of India.Almost every person is fond of playing Cricket or watching Cricket matches.The Indian national cricket team won the 1983 Cricket World Cup, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, the 2011 Cricket World Cup, the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, and shared the 2002 ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka. The Domestic competitions include the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy, the Vijay Hazare Trophy, the Deodhar Trophy, the Irani Trophy and the NKP Salve Challenger Trophy. In addition, BCCI conducts the Indian Premier League, a Twenty20 competition. Indian cricket team is also accredited with the honour of winning all the ICC tournaments under M.S. Dhoni's captaincy which itself is a world record.

Organisation of cricket in modern India

International cricket

International cricket in India generally does not follow a fixed pattern. For example, the English schedule under which the nation tours other countries during winter and plays at home during the summer. Generally, there has recently been a tendency to play more one-day matches than Test matches. Cricket in India is managed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI), the richest cricket board in the cricket world, yet, average cricket fans cannot get hold of tickets to see matches, much of which are distributed as largesse.Indian International Cricket Squad has also provided some of the greatest players to the world, the biggest example of which is Sachin Tendulkar. Indian cricket has a rich history. The Indian national team is currently ranked the No. 1 team in Test, ODI and but at 5th position in T20I, making it the best cricket team in the world.
First class competitions

    Ranji Trophy – Founded as the 'Cricket Championship of India' at a meeting of the Board of Control for Cricket in India in July 1934. The first Ranji Trophy fixtures took place in the 1934–35 season. Syed Mohammed Hadi of Hyderabad was the first batsman to score a century in the tournament. The Trophy was donated by H.H. Sir Bhupendra Singh Mahinder Baha-dur, Maharajah of Patiala in memory of His late Highness Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji of Nawanagar, affectionately called as Ranjitsinhji. In the main, the Ranji Trophy is composed of teams representing the states that make up India. As the political states have multiplied, so have cricket teams, but not every state has a team. Some states have more than one cricket team, e.g. Maharashtra and Gujarat. There are also 'odd' teams like Railways, and Services representing the armed forces. The various teams used to be grouped into zones – North, West, East, Central and South – and the initial matches were played on a league basis within the zones. The top two (until 1991–92) and then top three teams (subsequent years) from each zone then played in a national knock-out competition. Starting with the 2002–03 season, the zonal system has been abandoned and a two-division structure has been adopted with two teams being promoted from the plate league and two relegated from the elite league. If the knockout matches are not finished they are decided on the first-innings lead.

Updated On 24-05-2018

The Ranji Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between teams representing regional and state cricket associations. The competition currently consists of 29 teams, with 22 of the 29 states in India and Delhi having at least one representation. The competition is named after first Indian cricketer who played international cricket, Ranjitsinhji, who was also known as "Ranji". He had played for England and Sussex.

The current Ranji Trophy championship is held by Vidarbha, which won against Delhi by 9 wickets in the final match of the 2017–18 season held at Holkar Stadium, Indore.

History

The competition was launched in following a meeting of the in July 1934,with the first fixtures taking place in 1934–35. The trophy was donated by Ranji .The first match of the competition was held on 4 November 1934 between Madras and Mysore at the Chepauk ground in Madras in the final. Mumbai(Bombay) have won the tournament the most number of times with 41 wins including 15 back-to-back wins from 1958–59 to 1972–73.

Participants

State teams and cricket associations and clubs with first-class status are qualified to play in the Ranji Trophy. While most associations are regional, like the Karnataka State Cricket Association and Mumbai Cricket Association, two, Railways and Services, are pan-Indian

Current teams

The following 29 teams currently participate in the Ranji Trophy:

    Andhra
    Assam
    Baroda
    Bengal
    Bihar
    Chhattisgarh
    Delhi
    Goa
    Gujarat
    Haryana
    Himachal Pradesh
    Hyderabad (Telangana)
    Jammu and Kashmir
    Jharkhand
    Karnataka (Mysore)
    Kerala (Travancore-Cochin)
    Madhya Pradesh (Madhya Bharat / Holkar / Central India)
    Maharashtra
    Mumbai (Bombay)
    Odisha
    Punjab
    Railways
    Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    Saurashtra (Nawanagar)
    Services (Army)
    Tamil Nadu (Madras)
    Tripura
    Uttar Pradesh (United Provinces)
    Vidarbha

Chhattisgarh played in the tournament for the first time in 2016–17.

Defunct teams

The following teams have appeared in the Ranji Trophy, but no longer do so:

    Central Provinces and Berar (1934/35 – 1949/50)
    Northern India (1934/35 – 1946/47)
    Sind (1934/35 – 1947/48)
    Southern Punjab (1934/35 – 1951/52, 1959/60 – 1967/68)
    Western India (1934/35 – 1945/46)

    North West Frontier Province (1937/38 – 1946/47)
    Holkar (1941/42 – 1954/55)
    Gwalior (1943/44)
    Kathiawar (1946/47 – 1949/50)
    Patiala/Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union (1948/49, 1953/54 – 1958/59)
    Eastern Punjab (1950/51 – 1959/60)
    Travancore-Cochin (1951/52 – 1956/57)
    Madhya Bharat (1955/56 – 1956/57)
    Northern Punjab (1960/61 – 1967/68)

Format

From its inception until the 2001season, the teams were grouped geographically into four or five zones – North, West, East, and South, with Central added in 1952–53. Initial matches were played within the zones on a knock-out basis until 1956–57, and thereafter on a league basis, to determine a winner; then, the five individual zone winners competed in a knock-out tournament, leading to a final which decided the winner of the Ranji Trophy. From the 1970–71 season, the knock-out stage was expanded to the top two teams from each zone, a total of ten qualifying teams. This was expanded again to the top three from each zone in 1992–93, a total of fifteen qualifying teams; between 1996–97 and 1999–2000, the fifteen qualifying teams competed in a secondary group stage, with three groups of five teams, and the top two from each group qualified for a six-team knock-out stage; in all other years until 2001–02, a full fifteen-team knock-out tournament was held.

The format was changed in the 2002–03 season with the zonal system abandoned and a two-division structure adopted – the Elite Group, containing fifteen teams, and the Plate Group, containing the rest. Each group had two sub-groups which played a round-robin; the top two from each Elite sub-group then contested a four-team knock-out tournament to determine the winner of the Ranji Trophy. The team which finished last in each Elite sub-group was relegated, and both Plate Group finalists were promoted for the following season. For the 2006–07 season, the divisions were re-labelled the Super League and Plate League respectively.

In the 2008–09 season, this format was adjusted to give both Super League and Plate League teams an opportunity to contest the Ranji Trophy. The top two from each Plate sub-group contested semi-finals; the winners of these two matches then joined the top three from each Super League sub-group in an eight-team knock-out tournament. The winner of this knock-out tournament then won the Ranji Trophy. Promotion and relegation between Super League and Plate League continued as before. In the 2010–11 season, Rajasthan won the Ranji Trophy after beginning the season in the Plate League.

From the 2012–13 season, this format was adjusted slightly. The Super League and Plate League names were abandoned, but the two-tier system remained. The top tier expanded from fifteen teams to eighteen teams, in two sub-groups of nine (known as Group A and Group B, and considered equal in status); and the second tier was reduced to nine teams in a single group (known as Group C). The top three teams from Groups A and B and the top two from Group C contest the knockout phase. The lowest placed team in each of Group A and Group B is relegated to Group C, and the top two from Group C are promoted to the top tier.

Round-robin matches are four days in length; knockout matches are played for five days. Throughout its history, if there is no outright result in a Ranji Trophy knock-out match, the team leading after the first innings is the winner.

Prior to the 2016–17 season matches were played at the home ground of one of the two teams taking part. For the 2016–17 competition the BCCI decided that all games would be staged at a neutral venue.

Duleep Trophy – Named after Duleepsinhji, the Duleep Trophy competition, which is a first-class competition started by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in 1961–62 with the aim of providing a greater competitive edge in domestic cricket. Because apart from the knock-out stages of the Ranji Trophy, that competition proven to be highly predictable, with Bombay winning for the Ranji trophy for fifteen consecutive years. The Duleep Trophy was also meant to help the selectors to assessing form of top cricketers playing against each other. The original format had five teams, which were drawn from the five zones (i.e. North, South, East, West and central), play each other on a knock-out basis. From the 1993–94 season, the competition has been converted to a league format.

The Duleep Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket competition played in India. Named after Kumar Shri Duleepsinhji of Nawanagar (also known as "Duleep"), the competition was originally contested by teams representing geographical zones of India. Since 2016-17 it has been played by teams chosen by BCCI selectors. India Red are the current champions.

History

The competition was started by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in the 1961–62 season. The inaugural tournament was won by West Zone who defeated South Zone in the final by 10 wickets. In the 1962–63 season four of the five teams (all except Central Zone) had their bowling attacks strengthened by a West Indies Test cricketer.

North Zone and West Zone have been the most successful teams with 18 wins each, although North's total includes one shared trophy and West's three.

Format

Until 2014-15, five Indian zonal teams regularly took part in the Duleep Trophy – North Zone, South Zone, East Zone, West Zone and Central Zone. The original format was that the five teams played each other on a knock-out basis. From the 1993–94 season, the competition converted to a league format.

For the 2002–03 season, the zonal teams were replaced by 5 new teams – Elite A, Elite B, Elite C, Plate A and Plate B. These teams were constructed from the new Elite Group and Plate Group divisions which had been introduced into the Ranji Trophy that season. However, this format lasted for only one season as it was felt that the new teams lacked identity.

From the 2003–04 season until 2008, the five original zonal teams competed along with a sixth guest team which was a touring foreign team. The first guest team was England A in 2003–04.

After 2008 the format was replaced by the original 5-team knockout tournament until the 2014-15 season. The Duleep Trophy was not held in 2015-16 but returned to the calendar in 2016-17 with a new format. Three teams chosen by the BCCI selectors took part, designated India Blue, India Green and India Red. The teams played a round-robin tournament, with the top two advancing to the final which was won by India Blue. The competition was held at the start of the season and all games were staged as day-night games with a pink ball used.

 Irani Trophy – The Trophy tournament was conceived during the 1959–60 season to mark the completion of 25 years of the Ranji Trophy championship and was named after the late Z.R. Irani, who was associated with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) from its inception in 1928, till his death in 1970 and a keen patron of the game. The first match, played between the Ranji Trophy champions and the Rest of India was played in 1959–60. For the first few years, it was played at the tail end of the season. Realising the importance of the fixture, the BCCI moved it to the beginning of the season. Since 1965–66, it has traditionally heralded the start of the new domestic season. The Irani Trophy game ranks high in popularity and importance. It is one of the few domestic matches followed with keen interest by cricket lovers in the country. Leading players take part in the game, which has often been a sort of selection trial to pick the Indian team for foreign tours.

The Z. R. Irani Cup (earlier called Irani Trophy) tournament was conceived during the 1959-60 season to mark the completion of 25 years of the Ranji Trophy championship and was named after the late Z. R. Irani, who was associated with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) from its inception in 1928, till his death in 1970. The fixture is played annually between the incumbent Ranji Trophy winners and the Rest of India Team.

History

The first match, played between the Ranji Trophy champions and the Rest of India was played in 1959-60 with the trophy being instituted in the name of Zal Irani, long time treasurer of the Board of Control for Cricket in India and a keen patron of the game. For the first few years, it was played towards the end of the season. Realizing the importance of the fixture, the BCCI moved it to the beginning of the season, and from 1965-66 to 2012-13, it was traditionally heralded the start of the new domestic season. In 2013, it was moved to a date immediately after the Ranji Trophy final, resulting in there being two Irani Cup matches the 2012/13 season. The game has since remained at the end of the season, and is played shortly after the Ranji Trophy final.


Limited overs competitions

    Deodhar Trophy – Started in 1973–74 by Board of Control for Cricket in India, it is the current one-day cricket competition in Indian domestic cricket. 5 zonal teams – North zone, South zone, East zone, West zone and Central zone feature in the competition. North zone have won this competition 13 times. It is also called All-Star Series due to some big names representing their Zonal sides in the one-day fixtures.

 The Deodhar Trophy is a List A cricket competition in Indian domestic cricket. It is named after Prof. D. B. Deodhar (known as the Grand Old Man of Indian cricket) and is a 50-over knockout competition played on an annual basis among the 5 zonal teams - North Zone, South Zone, East Zone, West Zone and Central Zone. The competition was introduced in 1973-74 season and was realigned in the 2015-16 season with the winners of Vijay Hazare Trophy playing two teams – India A and India B – selected by the BCCI.

India B are the defending champions after defeating Karnataka in the 2017–18 Deodhar Trophy final. North Zone have won the tournament a record 13 times.

Format

From 1973–74 to 2014–15, two zonal teams played in a quarter-final, with the winner joining the other three zonal teams in the semi-finals. From there, it was a simple knockout tournament.

From 2015–16, the winners of the Vijay Hazare Trophy, India A and India B play each other in a Round-robin format. The top two teams progress to the finals.

 NKP Salve Challenger Trophy – Started as the Challenger series by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in 1994–95 and later named as NKP Salve Challenger Trophy in 1998–99. This tournament features 3 teams: India senior, India A and India B playing each other in a round robin format. They were later renamed India Blue, India Red and India Green respectively. The tournament features the top 36 players from across India and is also the most popular domestic structure after IPL.

The NKP Salve Challenger Trophy, commonly referred to as the Challenger Series, was an Indian List A cricket tournament organized by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). Established in the 1994–1995 season, it was played with the purpose of showcasing the talent that the country has, as well as providing opportunities for younger players to make an impression. The tournament was played in October every year until 2013-14 season, before the start of Ranji Trophy season.

From 1998–99 the tournament was known as the NKP Salve Challenger Trophy, named after former Board of Control for Cricket in India president N. K. P. Salve - the man who brought the World Cup to the sub-continent in 1987. The tournament was not played in 2002–03.

The annual tournament is played between three sides, consisting of 36 of the best players in India. The three teams were India Senior and India A & India B. Team names were changed for the 2006 version of this tournament. India Seniors became India Blue and India A and India B became India Red and India Green, respectively. India Senior have won 7 times including the 2005–06 edition.

Vijay Hazare Trophy – Named after the prolific Indian cricketer Vijay Hazare, the Trophy was started in 2002–03 as an attempt to bring the limited-overs game among a greater audience. The competition involves state teams from the Ranji trophy plates battling out in a 50-over competition, much on the lines of Ford Ranger Cup of Australia and Friends Provident Trophy of England. Since its conception, Tamil Nadu and Mumbai have won the trophy twice each. It is also dubbed as the Premier Cup by BCCI. It now joins Deodhar Trophy as the second one-day competition of Indian domestic circuit.

The Vijay Hazare Trophy, also known as the Ranji One Day Trophy, was started in 2002–03 as a limited-overs cricket domestic competition involving state teams from the Ranji Trophy plates. It is named after the famous Indian cricketer Vijay Hazare.

Tamil Nadu have won the trophy 5 times.

Karnataka are the current champions of the trophy in 2017-18 who won their 3rd title beating Saurashtra in the finals.

Format

The 27 Ranji teams are split into 5 zonal groups

After playing each team in the group once, the five winners and the best performing runner-up qualify for the quarter final stage directly, while the four other runners-up play in the preliminary quarter finals. The 2 winners of pre-quarter finals join the remaining 6 teams in the quarter final stage.

Since the 2015-16 season, the Zonal groups were replaced with 4 groups of 7 each. Teams are grouped based on average points in preceding 3 seasons.

BCCI Corporate Trophy – BCCI have set up a 12 team inter-corporate tournament in 2009 that involves all top Indian cricketers. The tournament involves 50-over-a-side matches with the winner picking up Rs 1 crore and the runner up getting Rs 50 lakh.

The BCCI Corporate Trophy is an Indian cricket competition. It was established in 2009 by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) as a 12-team inter-corporate tournament beginning at the start of the Indian cricket season before the start of the Ranji Trophy competition. The tournament is a 50 over a side tournament involving corporate teams. All the top Indian cricketers are expected to play along with academy cricket players and those who play regular domestic cricket in India.

History

The corporate trophy acts as a high-profile starter to the Indian domestic cricket season. The BCCI's prime objective is to promote employment opportunities for domestic cricketers in India's corporate houses.[citation needed] The board has invited 12 corporate teams to take part which will involve some of India's top cricketers.

The winners collect ₹ 10 million (US$204,272) while the runners-up receive ₹ 5 million (US$102,109) however, unlike the Indian Premier League (IPL) no foreign players will take part.

The tournamant initially involved players formerly from the now-defunct Indian Cricket League (ICL). Some of the ICL players said that after the announcement of the Corporate Trophy, they had received calls from their employers asking them to cut ties with the rebel league.

The inaugural was won by Air India Red after they beat Air India Blue by 93 runs in the final. 

Twenty20 competitions

    Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy – To be played for the first time in the 2008–09 season, this is the first of its kind zonal T20 championship and the third overall in the Indian cricket season, which would see Ranji teams divided along zonal lines into two groups with the tournament culminating in the All India T20 final between the winners of the two groups for the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy. Launched after the success of the IPL and the need of the BCCI to search for more talent in the growing regions of cricket.

Indian Premier League – In response to the rival ICL, the BCCI started the Twenty20 competition, Indian Premier League (known as the IPL), and is regarded as the brainchild of Lalit Modi. This League has been launched by BCCI in 2007-08 and it received support from all the other Cricket Boards and International Players. The Players were selected via the auctions and drafted into the City-based Franchises. The first IPL season was held from 18 April 2008 to 1 June 2008 where underdogs Rajasthan Royals, led by Shane Warne, won the first title at the DY Patil Stadium in Navi Mumbai Based on regional loyalties, the eight-team tournament brings a unique and popular team and player auction system hand-picking some of the best international players in the world and teaming them with Indian players, both domestic and international, in one arena. The total prize money for the IPL was $3 million.[8] The IPL is the most-attended cricket league in the world and ranks sixth among all sports leagues.

Inter-State T20 Championship – After India became another member of the ICC Twenty20 and played its first international T20 against South Africa, BCCI launched its own state structure in 2006–07 season, with 27 Ranji teams divided in 5 Zones. The final was played between Punjab and Tamil Nadu, which the latter won by 2 wickets and 2 balls remaining, thereby becoming the only ever winner of this series. In this series, Rohit Sharma also became the only ever Indian to register a T20 century for Mumbai against Gujarat. The competition was later replaced by a franchise-based IPL.

In Twenty20, crowd participation encouraged more strongly than in other forms of the game. It has been greatly acknowledged by people and has made huge profits.
Youth competitions

    Vinoo Mankad Trophy – A trophy tournament for under 19, in memories of famous cricketer Vinoo Mankad.

Yagnik Trophy – A tournament for inter college, under the university level student, named after Dr. Yagnik, Gandhian and famous figure in Saurashtra.

Women's domestic competitions

    Senior women's one day league – Started in season 2006–07, is the women's List-A cricket tournament. Railways women has been the most dominant team, winning 10 out of the 11 tournaments. It was played in round-robin format at zonal level and top performing team then playing in super league. The format was changed in season 2013–14, since then it is played in 2 tiers, with states being divided in 5 groups, 2 in elite group and 3 in plate group. Finalists in plate group, at the end of season are promoted to Elite group and 2 bottom most performing team in elite group are relegated to the plate group.
    Inter State Women's Twenty20 Competition is the women's Twenty20 competition. It is played between full members of BCCI. The inaugural tournament was held in the 2008-09 season. Since then it has taken place every year with 2015-16 being the 8th edition.

Domestic cricket competition League List

  1.     T20 Mumbai League
  2.     Celebrity Cricket League
  3.     Karnataka Premier League
  4.     Tamil Nadu Premier League
  5.     Odisha Premier League
  6.     Rajwada Cricket League
  7.     Indian Cricket League
  8.     Telangana Schools Premier League